History of California’s Regional Center system
Five decades ago, visionary lawmakers in California undertook a bipartisan overhaul of what had become a shameful and costly system of warehousing people with developmental disabilities in remote institutions. By passing the landmark Lanterman Developmental Disabilities Services Act (Welfare and Institutions Code, Sections 4500 and following) in 1969, they created the state-funded, privately-operated regional center system of community care.
In addition to enabling parents of children with even the severest disabilities to care for their children at home, this pioneering system has provided a cost-effective means for individuals with developmental disabilities to receive the essential services and supports they need to live safely and with dignity in mainstream society.
This system has evolved as our understanding has grown with regard to the needs and capacities of people with developmental disabilities, and the challenges that they and their families face. California’s regional centers — in collaboration with a diverse pool of service providers – have responded with innovative services and supports that have greatly advanced the original Lanterman vision of full inclusion for people with developmental disabilities in all aspects of community life. Likewise, scientific advances have yielded effective therapies for conditions such as autism, a developmental disability that was poorly-understood in the 1960s and was not even covered by the original Lanterman Act.
Today, the Lanterman Act remains unique in the nation. No other state has made a similar promise of community-based services and supports for people with developmental disabilities and their families.
For an in-depth look at how California’s community care system was created, read the History of the Regional Centers in California 50th Anniversary Edition.
Reaffirming the Commitment
In 1985, a California State Supreme Court decision reaffirmed the Lanterman guarantee of services. However, ensuring consistent, appropriate levels of funding to meet needs has been challenging. The Association of Regional Center Agencies (ARCA) has published several papers in recent years addressing issues surrounding funding for the system:
• Funding the Work of California’s Regional Centers (Fall 2013)
• Inadequate Rates for Service Provision in California (January 2014)
• On the Brink of Collapse (February 2015)
For a reflection of where we have been and how far we have come over the years, download Reaffirming the Commitment…Realizing the Vision – History of the Regional Centers in California, a compilation developed to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Frank D. Lanterman Regional Center. This document is provided courtesy of Frank D. Lanterman Regional Center.
What would your agency/group like to know about the Regional Center of Orange County?
We would be happy to deliver a customized presentation to your staff and/or the families you serve, covering information such as services provided through RCOC, eligibility requirements, and how to access services.
To schedule a presentation, please contact RCOC’s Community Outreach Coordinator at firstname.lastname@example.org or (714) 796-5100.